Who was/is considered the ancient father of the study of geography? until only the prime numbers remained. Rate and follow … Eratosthenes was the first person to use the word "geography" and other geographical terms that are still in use today, and his efforts to calculate the circumference of the Earth and the distance from the Earth to the Sun paved the way for our modern understanding of the cosmos. During the Middle Ages, most scholars accepted Eratosthenes' circumference, though Christopher Columbus used Posidonius' measurement to convince his supporters that he could quickly reach Asia by sailing west from Europe. The works of Strabo were influenced by earlier Greek scholars such as Hipparchus and Eratosthenes, with Strabo citing the two in his publications. John Francon Williams (1854–1911) - author of The Geography of the Oceans . Carl Ritter (1779–1859) – considered father of modern geography, occupied the first chair of geography … This measurement was used for hundreds of years and was even studied by Christopher Columbus 17 centuries after the death of Eratosthenes. However, these maps were basic regional maps and were laden with errors and exaggerations. The accuracy of the “Geographica” book was unchallenged for hundreds of ye… This was the first use of the word, which in Greek means "writing about the world." His map of the world, though highly inaccurate, was the first of its kind, featuring a grid of parallels and meridians used to estimate distances between different locations. Yohannes AberraOctober 1, 2020 Last July I sent the manuscript of my book on the Geography of Ethiopia, written for the first time in Amharic, to Professor Mesfin Woldemariam to review it and give me his blessings. He is most famous for his calculation of Earth's circumference and for inventing the word geography. In his old age, Eratosthenes became blind and he died of self-induced starvation in either 192 or 196 BCE in Alexandria, Egypt. The word has been derived from two Greek words geo (earth) and graphos (description). Strabo’s best-known work was his “Geographical” publication in which he drew a relatively accurate map of the world as it was known to him. The map was used for hundreds of years after his death, with prominent explorers of later years such as Vasco da Gama and Christopher Columbus using the map for navigation. His family had been involved in politics since at least the reign of Mithridates V. Strabo was related to Dorylaeus on his mother's side. In fact, Eratosthenes is said to have invented the word “geography” along with other geographical terms. This was a major opportunity, and Eratosthenes was excited to accept the position. Eratosthenes already knew the approximate distance between Syene and Alexandria, as measured by camel-powered trade caravans. The geographer is believed to have been born in 100 AD in Egypt. The geographer also traveled to Cordoba where he received his education. Geographer George Chisholm wrote the first textbook on economic georgaphy and is credited as the father … The first book of "Geography" contained a summary of existing geographical work and Eratosthenes' speculations about the nature of the planet Earth. The geographer’s ancestors forcefully settled in Ceuta after the Zirids of Granada defeated Hammudid Malaga. Life. Eratosthenes of Cyrene (c. 276 BCE–192 or 194 BCE) was an ancient Greek mathematician, poet, and astronomer who is known as the father of geography. The “Father of Geography of Ethiopia” passed away RIP: The “Father of Geography of Ethiopia” passed awayDr. Father of Indian Geography – James Rennell So, i hope that your confusion regarding the father of Geography is clear now. He was really the first to view nature holistically... See full answer below. He made several significant contributions to science, including the discovery that a year is slightly longer than 365 days, requiring an extra day—or leap day—be added to the calendar every four years to keep it consistent. Born: c. 276 BCE in Cyrene (present-day Libya) Died: 192 or 196 BCE in Alexandria, Egypt His father was a physician and when he died his widow lacked any means of support for her family of five. Strabo was born to an affluent family from Amaseia in Pontus (in present-day Turkey) in around 64 BC. The earliest world maps date back to the 9th century BC in ancient Babylon. Sir Halford Mackinder (1861–1947) – co-founder of the LSE , Geographical Association . William Morris Davis (February 12, 1850 – February 5, 1934) was an American geographer, geologist, geomorphologist, and meteorologist, often called the "father of American geography". A noted polymath, Eratosthenes also made notable contributions to the field of mathematics, including the invention of an algorithm used to identify prime numbers. The list of star constellations made the Almagest a book of great import to astronomers in Europe and Arabia in the medieval era. Ancient Greece saw the birth of the study of geography and with it the first true world maps. Geography, the study of the diverse environments, places, and spaces of Earth’s surface and their interactions. The book was among the first to outline the study of geography in history. The ancient Greek scholar and Head Librarian of the Great Library of Alexandria, Eratosthenes (276-194 BCE) is commonly regarded as the "Father of Geography" as he coined the word and, among other things, determined the circumference of the Earth. Eratosthenes used the word Geography First. Eratosthenes is known as father of systematic geography, proposed the word 'Geography' first. Father of geography Eratosthenes FatherAlexander von Humboldt (1769–1859) – considered father of modern geography, published Cosmos and founder of the sub-field biogeography. He was also the first to use the word geography. The Ancient Calculator - Eratosthenes of Cyrene (ancient Greek/Roman city on Med Sea coast of Libya today) created the study of geography at the Library of Alexandria What did Eratosthenes (using math & geometry & astronomy) contribute to geography & science? The father of geography is the very famous Eratosthenes who belonged to Greece and was known for his multi-talent in mathematics,his hobby of writing poetries and his love towards geography. Eratosthenes was born around 276 BCE in a Greek colony in Cyrene, a territory located in present-day Libya. He is widely respected as one of the founders of modern geography. Many of Ptolemy’s works inspired younger geographers and were used for many centuries after his death. A man of many firsts, Eratosthenes is also credited with the first world map in history, which was of impressive accuracy, as well as determining the tilt of the Earth’s axis. Strabo’s best-known work was his “Geographical” publication in which he drew a relatively accurate map of the world as it was known to him. are solved by group of students and teacher of Personal Skills, which is also the largest student community of Personal Skills. The geographer used his knowledge of the earth, which he obtained from the mapping studies done by professionals before him, to come up with a map of the world in his publication “Geographika.” The book introduced the term “geography” to the world. Greece - Just like the “Father of Mathematics,” Archimedes, and the “Father of Philosophy,” Socrates, the “Father of Geography” came from Greece. Though Eratosthenes' original "Geography" did not survive, modern scholars know what it contained thanks to reports by Greek and Roman historians. Unlike Eratosthenes, Strabo was well-traveled and had visited Kush and Egypt, and had journeyed as far as Ethiopia and Asia Minor. Ptolemy’s map of the world was quite accurate considering the technology of the time and showed countries as far out as China (Sinae) and Sri Lanka (Taprobane). So, Most scholars consider Eratosthenes as the father of Geography. Eratosthenes is known as father of systematic geography, proposed the word 'Geography' first. Knowing that the Earth was a sphere, he needed only two critical measurements to calculate the circumference. Herodotus is called father of historical geography. One particularly impressive feat by Eratosthenes was that he was able to determine the circumference of the earth with remarkable accuracy without even traveling from Egypt. RIP: The “Father of Geography of Ethiopia” passed away. The father of physical geography is widely considered to be Alexander von Humboldt (1769 - 1859). The geographer was born in 1100 AD in Ceuta, a town which was then under Almoravids, to a family that claimed to be direct descendants of Prophet Muhammad. The geographer used the length of the shadows at noon and the sun’s rays to come up with a formula that enabled him to calculate the earth’s circumference which according to him was 27,402 miles. Aug 8, 2018 - Resources to go along with teaching from the book "Geography From A to Z" (http://amzn.to/2xH441o) written by Jack Knowlton. Some historians point Anaximander, a 4th century BC Greek scholar as the true founder of the study of geography. He then measured the angle of the shadow in Alexandria on the solstice. Another founding father of the discipline of geography was Strabo, a 1st Century CE Greek scholar who lived in the Amaseia in modern-day Turkey. The father of modern geography was Carl Ritter who was the main founder of sub-field bio-geography and was also into the chair person of Berlin university. His name is Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Idrisi, better known as al-Sharif al-Idrisi, the most brilliant geographer and cartographer of all times. Your child will learn about the rivers and lakes, mountains and deserts, products and resources, climate and people of each continent around the globe. He calculated the circumference on his own and obtained a figure of 18,000 miles—about 7,000 miles too short. The map was drawn in 1154 and is the first to show the whole of Eurasia and part of North Africa. The publication has one of the most exhaustive star catalogs of the pre-modern era. After hearing about a deep well at Syene (near the Tropic of Cancer and modern-day Aswan) where sunlight only struck the bottom of the well on the summer solstice, Eratosthenes worked out a method by which he could calculate the circumference of the Earth using basic geometry. Who Are The Founding Fathers Of The European Union? For Exam Purposes Please do not confuse. He was the first to use the word geography, employing it in a now-lost work titled Geographika. The third contained a map of the world in which the land was divided into different countries; it is one of the earliest examples of political geography. He worked as a chief librarian at the Library of Alexandria for his way of learning. Besides, the geographer also published a book entitled, “Kitab nuzhat al-Mushtaq fi’khtiraq al-‘afaq,” in which he outlined geographic information about the world. Dr. Yohannes Aberra. Eratosthenes is generally considered as the father of Geography. Economic geography studies economic activity and how it relates to geographical position. He believed it was a fixed globe whose changes only took place on the surface. He was educated at the academies of Athens and in 245 BCE, after earning attention for his skills, he was invited by Pharaoh Ptolemy III to run the Great Library at Alexandria in Egypt. The geographer died in 1165 in his ancestral town of Ceuta at the age of 64 or 65 years. Born in Cyrene, in what is now Libya, in 276 B.C., Eratosthenes grew up curious and went to Athens to learn more about the world around him. Eratosthenes is believed to have been born in 276 BC in Cyrene and was the chief librarian at the Library of Alexandria. Some historians believe that Eratosthenes was responsible for the leap day, and accurately determined the distance between the Sun and the Earth. As we now know, this was a critical error on Columbus' part. Charles Darwin described him as "the greatest scientific traveler who ever lived." Ptolemy’s name suggests that he was born as a Roman citizen but of either Hellenized Egyptian or Greek ancestry. As one of the founding fathers of ancient geography, Ptolemy is credited with the book “Geographia.” In the book, the geographer exercised the concept of segmenting the globe using a grid of longitudes and latitudes. Eratosthenes' most famous contribution to science was his calculation of the circumference of the Earth, which he completed while working on the second volume of his "Geography.". Branches of Geography? Economic geography is an important field in geography, but also in economics. According to most scholars, Eratosthenes is known as the father of Geography because he is considered to have been the first person to use the word 'Geography'. and striking off the multiples of each prime, beginning with multiples of the number two, then multiples of the number three, etc. The “Father of Geography of Ethiopia” passed away. Father of Geography? Al-Idrisi was among the founders of geography, with one of the earliest accurate maps being attributed to him. Eratosthenes was a Greek mathematician, geographer, astronomer, and poet long before geography became a thing. He was born in 276 BC. Eratosthenes was a 2nd century BC Greek scholar who is credited as the founder of the discipline of geography. This page shows answers for question: Who is the father of physical geography?. Continental Europe and the Mediterranean were well defined in Strabo’s map. Admirers of the Greek thinker called him Pentathlos, after the Greek athletes known for their prowess in a number of different events. And i also hop that you enjoy this blog post because you get here both father of Geography as well as fathers in different branches of Geography. Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US. Like, Comment, Share & Subscribe our Channel اردو+हिंदी #Geography #FatherOfGeo #BranchesOfGeo His method involved taking a table of whole numbers (1, 2, 3, etc.) Last July I sent the manuscript of my book on the Geography of Ethiopia, written for the first time in Amharic, to Professor Mesfin Woldemariam to review it and give me his blessings. Ptolemy’s model was the forerunner of modern map-making as it also measured latitudes from the “climata,” the word he gave for the equator. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, The Founding Fathers of Ancient Geography. One of the Ptolemy’s most famous books was the Almagest, which focused on astronomy. One of them is considered as “the Father of Geography”, because of his important contributions in this field. Fast Facts: Eratosthenes Known For: Eratosthenes was a Greek polymath who became known as the father of geography. The book was among the first to outline the study of geography in history. is done on EduRev Study Group by Personal Skills Students. He is a great mathematician, geographer, poet, astronomer, and music theorist. The accuracy of the “Geographica” book was unchallenged for hundreds of years and was widely reproduced in the Byzantine Empire. Ptolemy was a 1st century CE astronomer and geographer from the Roman Empire. ISBN: 9781420627053. The term geography was first coined by Eratosthenese, a Greek scholar (276¬194 BC.). By Joseph Kiprop on May 14 2018 in Society. Eratosthenes was a Greek expert in many disciplines, including astronomy, geography, and mathematics. Al-Idrisi would later move to Palermo, Sicily under King Roger II. Professor Mesfin Woldemariam. The accuracy exhibited in the Tabula Rogeriana was remarkable considering the ancient technology employed by Al-Idrisi. The modern academic discipline is rooted in ancient practice, concerned with the characteristics of places, in particular their natural environments and peoples, as well as the relations between the two. Among his other many accomplishments were the creation of the first map of the world and the invention of an algorithm known as the sieve of Eratosthenes, which is used to identify prime numbers. Hiccatius is often called Father of Geography. Eratosthenes' work introduced the concepts of torrid, temperate, and frigid climate zones. Eratosthenes is considered the Father of Geography. By taking the angle of the shadow (7.2 degrees) and dividing it into the 360 degrees of a circle (360 divided by 7.2 yields 50), Eratosthenes could then multiply the distance between Alexandria and Syene by the result to determine the circumference of the Earth. ", Calculating the Circumference of the Earth, Famous People Who Worked at the Ancient Library of Alexandria, Inventions and Discoveries of Ancient Greek Scientists, The Ptolemies: Dynastic Egypt From Alexander to Cleopatra, Claudius Ptolemy: Astronomer and Geographer from Ancient Egypt, The Prime Meridian: Establishing Global Time and Space, Euclid of Alexandria and His Contributions to Geometry, How to Determine the Geometry of a Circle, M.A., Geography, California State University - Northridge, B.A., Geography, University of California - Davis. 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